UNESCO sites in Bulgaria

Bulgarian Sites in the World Culture and Nature Heritage List of UNESCO

Boyana Church

Its unique wall paintings of 1259 are considered as some of the masterpieces of European Medieval Art. It is about 8 km from the Capital Sofia.

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Ivanovski Rock Monasteries

It is a rock monastery complex of tunnels with inscriptions and magnificent murals. It is about 8 km from the town of Rousse. At a height of 32 m, in the rocks above the ground, monks from the 13th century found a place suitable for their purposes. All churches, chapels and living premises have been carved in the rocks. Only few have been preserved till present day. Yet, the monastery used to be an intricate network of nearly 40 churches and 300 living premises. Five of the monastery's churches still have wall paintings. The richness of color is combined with the typical for the period return to ancient patterns.

Madara Horseman

It is a rock relief cut in the Madara rocks. It is the most important monument on the epoch of the early middle ages. It is about 16 km away from the town of Shoumen.

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Pirin National Park

It belongs to the beautiful Mount Pirin, occupying the high Northern parts of the mountain. It is characterized by a specific relief and distinctive flora and fauna.

Kazanlak Tomb

It is a Thracian tomb from the end of the 4th century near the town of Kazanlak. The tomb is part of a large Thracian necropolis. It comprises a narrow corridor and a round burial chamber, both decorated with murals representing a Thracian couple at a ritual funeral feast. The murals are memorable for the splendid horses and especially for the gesture of farewell, in which the seated couple grasp each other' s wrists in a moment of tenderness and equality. The paintings are Bulgaria's best-preserved artistic masterpieces from the Hellenistic period. The tomb is situated near the ancient Thracian capital of Seuthopolis.

Nessebar, the Old Town

It is an architectural- historical and archeological reserve with valuable archeological ruins from different periods, original churches of 5- 12th centuries and authentic houses of the Revival period.

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Srebarna Reserve

It is a bioshere reserve, including Lake Srebarna and its surroundings. It was created to protect rare plant and animal species. It is 16 km to the west of the town of Silistra. There are hydrophyte species such as reed in and around the lake. The reserve is home to 139 plant species, 11 of them are in danger of extinction outside the territory of Srebarna. A wide variety of fauna exists in the area. 39 mammal, 21 reptile and amphibian and 10 fish species inhabit the reserve, which is most famous for the 179 bird species that nest on its territory, some of which include the Dalmatian Pelican, the Mute Swan, the Greylag Goose, the Marsh Harrier, the Bluethroat, herons and cormorants.

Rila Monastery

It is the most monumental complex in Bulgaria, possessing exceptional architectural and artistic qualities. It was founded in the 10th century and rebuilt in 13- 14 century. It is in Southwest Rila Mountains, at a distance of 120 km from Sofia.

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Sveshtarskata Tomb

It is a Thracian tomb from the first half of 3rd century BC. The central burial chamber is lavishly decorated and has an impressive relief of caryatides. It is near the village of Sveshtari, 7 km to the Northwest of the town of Isperih. The tomb has a unique architectural decor, with polychrome half-human, half-plant caryatids and painted murals. The 10 female figures carved in high relief on the walls of the central chamber and the decoration of the lunette in its vault are the only examples of this type found so far in the Thracian lands. It is a remarkable reminder of the culture of the Getes, a Thracian people who were in contact with the Hellenistic and Hyperborean worlds, according to ancient geographers.